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Different neuroendocrine systems modulate pulsatile luteinizing hormone secretion in photosuppressed and photorefractory ewes



Different neuroendocrine systems modulate pulsatile luteinizing hormone secretion in photosuppressed and photorefractory ewes



Biology of Reproduction 46(3): 425-434



The objective of this study was to determine whether two photoperiod regimens that induce anestrus in the ewe-short-day photorefractoriness (SDPR) and long-day photosuppression (LDPS)--act by different neuronal mechanisms. In separate experiments, ovary-intact (INTACT), ovariectomized (OVX), and ovariectomized estradiol-treated (OVX + E) ewes were subjected to three different photoperiodic regimens that resulted in reproductive quiescence: (1) exposure to long days (16L:8D), which caused photosuppression (INTACT, n = 9; OVX, n = 6; OVX + E, n = 5; (2) prolonged exposure to short days (10L:14D)), which caused photorefractoriness (INTACT, n = 10; OVX, n = 6; OVX + E, n = 5); (3) exposure to natural photoperiod, which induced seasonal anestrus (INTACT, n = 11; OVX, n = 6; OVX + E, n = 5). Effect of photoregimen was monitored by measuring progesterone or LH. Drug challenges were made after two sequential estrous cycles were missed in INTACT ewes, after mean LH concentrations dropped below 1 ng/ml in OVX + E ewes, and after LH interpulse intervals increased in OVX ewes. Effects of drug on LH pulse pattern were determined by taking blood samples at 12-min intervals for 8 h after i.v. diluent injection; then for 8 h after i.v. injection of cyproheptadine, a serotonin antagonist (3 mg/kg); and again 7 days later after i.v. injection of diluent or pimozide, a dopamine antagonist (0.25 mg/kg). Cyproheptadine had little effect except to decrease (p = 0.05) mean LH in INTACT anestrous ewes and decrease (p less than 0.01) pulse amplitude in OVX + E SDPR ewes. Pimozide did not affect LH pulse frequency in LDPS ewes. However, pimozide increased LH pulse frequency (p less than 0.005) and mean concentrations (p less than 0.005) in SDPR OVX + E ewes, whereas it suppressed LH pulse frequency (p less than 0.05) and amplitude (p less than 0.03) in SDPR INTACT and SDPR OVX ewes. The results suggest that (1) the role of the dopaminergic system differs in SDPR and LDPS ewes, and that different neuronal systems may effect SDPR and LDPS, (2) the effect of pimozide in SDPR ewes is altered by ovarian steroids, and (3) the serotonergic system has relatively little role in regulating pulsatile LH secretion in any of the three different states of anestrus.

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Accession: 002072456

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1617016

DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod46.3.425



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