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Differential expression of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans in human mammary epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts



Differential expression of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans in human mammary epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts



Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(2): 1116-1122



Treating the liposome-intercalatable heparan sulfate proteoglycans from human lung fibroblasts and mammary epithelial cells with heparitinase and chondroitinase ABC revealed different core protein patterns in the two cell types. Lung fibroblasts expressed heparan sulfate proteoglycans with core proteins of approximately 35, 48/90 (fibroglycan), 64 (glypican), and 125 kDa and traces of a hybrid proteoglycan which carried both heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate chains. The mammary epithelial cells, in contrast, expressed large amounts of a hybrid proteoglycan and heparan sulfate proteoglycans with core proteins of approximately 35 and 64 kDa, but the fibroglycan and 125-kDa cores were not detectable in these cells. Phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C and monoclonal antibody (mAb) S1 identified the 64-kDa core proteins as glypican, whereas mAb 2E9, which also reacted with proteoglycan from mouse mammary epithelial cells, tentatively identified the hybrid proteoglycans as syndecan. The expression of syndecan in lung fibroblasts was confirmed by amplifying syndecan cDNA sequences from fibroblastic mRNA extracts and demonstrating the cross-reactivity of the encoded recombinant core protein with mAb 2E9. Northern blots failed to detect a message for fibroglycan in the mammary epithelial cells and in several other epithelial cell lines tested, while confirming the expression of both glypican and syndecan in these cells. Confluent fibroblasts expressed higher levels of syndecan mRNA than exponentially growing fibroblasts, but these levels remained lower than observed in epithelial cells. These data formally identify one of the cell surface proteoglycans of human lung fibroblasts as syndecan and indicate that the expression of the cell surface proteoglycans varies in different cell types and under different culture conditions.

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Accession: 002072629

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PMID: 1339431


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