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Differential regulation of superoxide dismutases in plants exposed to environmental stress

Differential regulation of superoxide dismutases in plants exposed to environmental stress

Plant Cell 3(8): 783-792

Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are metalloproteins that catalyze the dismutation of superoxide radicals to hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. The enzyme is ubiquitous in aerobic organisms where it plays a major role in defense against oxygen radical-mediated toxicity. In plants, environmental adversity often leads to the increased generation of reduced oxygen species and, consequently, SOD has been proposed to be important in plant stress tolerance. Here we describe the isolation of a cDNA clone encoding a cytosolic copper/zinc SOD from Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. Using this, together with previously isolated cDNAs encoding the mitochondrial manganese SOD and the chloroplastic iron SOD as probes in RNA gel blot analyses, we have studied SOD transcript abundance during different stress conditions: in response to light, during photoinhibitory conditions (light combined with high or low temperatures), and in response to a xenobiotic stress imposed by the herbicide paraquat. Evidence is presented that iron SOD mRNA abundance increases whenever there is a chloroplast-localized oxidative stress, similar to the previous finding that manganese SOD responds to mitochondria-localized events. The diverse effects of the different stress conditions on SOD mRNA abundance thus might provide an insight into the way that each treatment affects the different subcellular compartments.

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Accession: 002072754

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1820818

DOI: 10.1105/tpc.3.8.783

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