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Differential sorption of herbicides as related to soil topography and organic matter



Differential sorption of herbicides as related to soil topography and organic matter



Journal of Environmental Science & Health Part B Pesticides Food Contaminants & Agricultural Wastes 25(5): 627-642



The sorption of bromacil and simazine by the surface soil (0-15 cm) sampled at various positions along an 8% slope citrus grove (Candler fine sand; Typic Quartzipsamment) and at various depths (0-200 cm) at upper, middle, and lower positions along the slope were investigated. The sorption of both herbicides by the top 15 cm soil decreased considerably from the upper to mid position along the slope and increased at the lower position. The organic matter content and concentrations of Ca, Mg, K, P, and Cu in the soil showed evidence of transport of organic matter and mineral nutrients from the mid position on the slope and accumulation in the lower position. The differential sorption of herbicides by the soil samples taken at various positions along the slope was closely related to changes in organic matter content. Although sorption of bromacil and simazine varied considerably at various positions along the slope, the sorption of bromacil was very similar at depths below 30 cm regardless of positions along the slope. In the case of simazine, however, the sorption was much greater at all depths in the lower than in the upper and mid position of the slope. The sorption of both herbicides decreased considerably at depths below 30 cm at all positions along the slope, thus, indicating the potential for rapid leaching of the herbicides down the soil profile.

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Accession: 002072829

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DOI: 10.1080/03601239009372710



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