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Effect of feed allowance during rearing and breeding on female broiler breeders. 2. Ovarian morphology and production



Effect of feed allowance during rearing and breeding on female broiler breeders. 2. Ovarian morphology and production



Poultry Science 71(10): 1750-1761



The influence of feed allowance during rearing (4 to 18 wk) and breeding (18 to 62 wk) on ovarian morphology and egg production was examined. During rearing, beginning at 4 wk of age, 400 Indian River pullets that had been full-fed from 1 day of age either continued to be full-fed (F, n = 200) or were feed restricted (R, n = 200), following commercial practice. At 18 wk of age, 100 birds (within +15% of the mean BW) in each of F and R rearing groups were further assigned to be full-fed (n = 50) or feed restricted (n = 50) during breeding. Thus, based on feed allowance during rearing and breeding, four treatment groups were formed (FF, FR, RF, and RR). Feed restriction during rearing significantly delayed oviduct development and age at sexual maturity (age at first egg). Compared with feed restriction during both rearing and breeding (RR), ad libitum feeding beginning at 18 wk of age (RF) significantly increased the weight of the ovary and the number of large follicles at sexual maturity but did not significantly affect the age at sexual maturity. Feed restriction during rearing, breeding, or both significantly reduced the incidence of erratic ovipositions, defective eggs, and multiple ovulations. The incidence of erratic ovipositions was positively correlated (r = .692, P less than or equal to .001) with the laying of soft-shelled and shell-less eggs and negatively correlated (r = -.508, P less than or equal to .001) with the production of settable eggs to 62 wk of age. Compared with ad libitum feeding, controlled feeding during breeding significantly improved both settable and total egg production. Among the four feeding regimens, Treatment RR resulted in the highest fertility and hatchability.

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Accession: 002082235

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1454692

DOI: 10.3382/ps.0711750



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