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Effect of larval diet on cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) developmental times and adult emergence

Effect of larval diet on cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) developmental times and adult emergence

Journal of Economic Entomology 84(4): 1257-1261

The natural diet of cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche), larvae is primarily adult flea feces, but dried bovine blood may be substituted in the laboratory. Percentage adult emergence (79.4% on feces; 78.9% on blood) and developmental times (20.6 d on feces; 17.1 d on blood) did not significantly differ for the two diets. The drying temperature of blood determined its quality; blood dried at 120 degrees C was unsatisfactory for larval development. The dietary value of dried bovine blood was not enhanced when supplemented with brewer's yeast, rodent chow, or a combination of those constituents. Blood particle size ranging from less than 180 to greater than 500u did not affect the value of blood as a diet. Rodent chow, yeast, albumen, hemoglobin, and mixtures of these constituents were unsuitable as larval diets.

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Accession: 002083813

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1842797

DOI: 10.1093/jee/84.4.1257

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