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Kinetoplast DNA analysis of four Trypanosoma evansi strains



Kinetoplast DNA analysis of four Trypanosoma evansi strains



Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 461: 97-102



Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA), the mitochondrial DNA of trypanosomes, is a network of thousands of topologically interlocked DNA minicircles and about 50 maxicircles. In this study, we have analysed the kDNA molecules of 6 strains of Trypanosoma evansi from different geographical areas. 2 strains were found to be dyskinetoplastic mutants and other 4 kinetoplastic strains absent of maxicircles. The electrophoretic analysis of the minicircles digested with various restriction endonucleases clearly shows that all of the kinetoplastic strains lack profound minicircle heterogeneity typical of T. brucei. However, a slight restriction fragment length polymorphism could be observed with 2 enzymes (Dde I and HinfI) within the minicircle population of each cloned strain. We propose that this sequence diversity is the result of point mutations. Further analysis of the minicircles by nucleotide sequencing revealed that the 4 minicircles of T. evansi strains share extensive regions of homology with each other but only about 50% homology with other species. This homogeneity of T. evansi minicircle sequences may provide a useful tool for classification and identification.

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Accession: 002147942

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PMID: 1677160

DOI: 10.1016/0166-6851(91)90203-i



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