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Kinetoplast DNA and molecular karyotypes of Trypanosoma evansi and Trypanosoma equiperdum from China


Molecular and biochemical parasitology 50(2): 189-196
Kinetoplast DNA and molecular karyotypes of Trypanosoma evansi and Trypanosoma equiperdum from China
We compared 12 stocks of Trypanosoma evansi and 1 recently isolated stock of Trypanosoma equiperdum from different regions of China by analysis of kinetoplast DNA (kDNA), nuclear DNA and molecular karyotypes. The T. equiperdum stock was remarkably similar to the T. evansi stocks, except for the possession of kDNA maxi-circles, suggesting a very close evolutionary relationship between T. evansi and T. equiperdum. The maxi-circles of the Chinese T. equiperdum stock were approximately 14.3 kb in size, i.e., about half the size of those of Trypanosoma brucei. This stock is thus similar to an old laboratory stock of T. equiperdum, which also has maxi-circles with a sizeable deletion. Both T. equiperdum and T. evansi kDNA mini-circles hybridised with a T. evansi-specific mini-circle fragment isolated from a Kenyan T. evansi stock. Our results extend the generality that T. evansi and T. equiperdum mini-circles are microheterogeneous rather than homogeneous. Molecular karyotypes obtained by pulsed field gradient gel electrophoresis provided a more sensitive way of distinguishing the T. evansi stocks than isoenzymes or restriction fragment length polymorphisms in kDNA mini-circles, genes for ribosomal RNAs and variant surface glycoproteins. Our results fit the general idea that T. evansi stocks worldwide have a single origin.

Accession: 002147943

PMID: 1311051

DOI: 10.1016/0166-6851(92)90215-6

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