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Phenotypic and genetic relationships between residual energy intake and growth, feed intake, and carcass traits of young bulls



Phenotypic and genetic relationships between residual energy intake and growth, feed intake, and carcass traits of young bulls



Journal of Animal Science 70(2): 386-395



Residual energy intake, defined as actual minus predicted energy intake during a production period, was estimated for each of 650 bull calves of 31 Holstein Friesian or Brown Swiss sires. Residual energy intake, measured under ad libitum feeding, had heritabilities similar to those of growth rate and energy conversion ratio with an estimate of approximately .3. Residual energy intake was related to average daily energy intake both phenotypically and genetically such that selection for decreased residual energy intake would lead to a decrease in daily feed intake. Such selection would also tend to increase carcass fatness (i.e., genetically fat animals are the most efficient). Residual energy intake estimated with and without correction for carcass composition were closely correlated. Thus, residual energy intake may be estimated without the knowledge of carcass composition in growing bulls of dual-purpose breeds.

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Accession: 002183747

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PMID: 1548200



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