+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of bacterial urinary tract infection after perineal urethrostomy in cats



Prevalence of bacterial urinary tract infection after perineal urethrostomy in cats



Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 200(5): 681-684



It has been reported that the prevalence of bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) increases after perineal urethrostomy in male cats. Perineal urethrostomy, using a surgical technique preserving striated urethral sphincter function, was performed on 2 groups of cats. The first group consisted of healthy castrated cats. The second group of cats had recurrent or persistent urethral obstruction. All cats had normal urethral sphincter function after surgery, as measured by urethral pressure profilometry and electromyography. Long-term periodic urinalysis and bacterial culturing of urine was performed on all cats. Twenty-two percent of the previously obstructed cats had recurrent bacterial UTI, compared with none of the healthy cats. On the basis of these findings, we suggest that perineal urethrostomy per se does not predispose cats to bacterial UTI, but surgical alteration of the urethral meatus combined with an underlying uropathy may increase the prevalence of ascending bacterial UTI after surgery.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 002193176

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1568912


Related references

Urodynamic evaluation of lower urinary tract function in cats after perineal urethrostomy with minimal and extensive dissection. Veterinary Surgery 20(1): 55-60, 1991

Short- and long-term outcome after perineal urethrostomy in 86 cats with feline lower urinary tract disease. Journal of Small Animal Practice 53(12): 693-698, 2012

Comparison of urine protein profiles in cats without urinary tract disease and cats with idiopathic cystitis, bacterial urinary tract infection, or urolithiasis. American Journal of Veterinary Research 72(10): 1407-1415, 2011

A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Veterinary Journal 3(2): 106-113, 2013

Prevalence of bacterial species in cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease: recognition of Staphylococcus felis as a possible feline urinary tract pathogen. Veterinary Microbiology 121(1-2): 182-188, 2007

Perineal urethrostomy versus dietary management in prevention of recurrent lower urinary tract disease. Journal of Small Animal Practice 32(6): 296-305, 1991

Feline perineal urethrostomy: a potential cause of feline lower urinary tract disease. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice 26(3): 535-549, 1996

Perineal urethrostomy in cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 160(12): 1558 Passim, 1972

Perineal urethrostomy of tom cats. Kleintier Praxis 24(8): 363-368, 1979

Perineal urethrostomy in male cats. Modern Veterinary Practice 57(3): 187-191, 1976

Observations of the Blake perineal urethrostomy in cats. Veterinary medicine small animal clinician: 66 (12) 1170-1172, 1971

Penile and perineal urethrostomy in domestic cats. Ciencia Rural 27(4): 629-633, 1997

Perineal urethrostomy in cats. A pictorial essay. Modern Veterinary Practice 65(9): 721-724, 1984

Urinary tract infection in dogs and cats and antibiotic sensitivities of bacterial isolates. Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association 49(7): 449-453, 1996

Long-term examination of cats with perineal urethrostomy. Veterinary Surgery 12(4): 210-212, 1983