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Protein nutrition of dairy cows receiving grass silage diets. Effects on silage intake and milk production of postruminal supplements of casein or soya-protein isolate and the effects of intravenous infusions of a mixture of methionine, phenylalanine and tryptophan



Protein nutrition of dairy cows receiving grass silage diets. Effects on silage intake and milk production of postruminal supplements of casein or soya-protein isolate and the effects of intravenous infusions of a mixture of methionine, phenylalanine and tryptophan



Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 58(3): 307-314



Milk production responses to protein supplementation of grass silage diets were investigated in two experiments with dairy cows. In Experiment 1, four cows received a basal diet of grass silage ad libitum plus a barley/soya supplement at 5kg day(-1). The cows received the following treatments in a 4 x 4 Latin square design with 10-day(-1) periods: (1) basal diet, (2) basal diet plus 230g casein day(-1) infused into the abomasum; (3) basal diet plus 225g soya protein isolate (SPI) day(-1) into the abomasum; (4) basal diet plus a dietary addition of 1-2kg fishmeal-based product (AP) day(-1). All three supplements increased (P < 0-0.05) the yield of milk and milk protein relative to the basal diet, the values being 16-9, 535; 18-8, 610; 19-5, 625; and 18-5kg day(-1) and 582g day(-1) for the basal, AP, casein and SPI treatments respectively. Responses to casein were greater (P < 0-0.05) than to SPI. Changes in the concentrations of amino acids in blood plasma suggested that methionine, tryptophan and phenylalanine were in shortest supply relative to demand, and their potential role as limiting amino acids was investigated in a second experiment. In Experiment 2, four dairy cows were used in a 4 X 4 Latin square design with 10-day periods. The four treatments were (1) a diet of grass silage ad libitum plus 5kg day(-1) of a barley/soya supplement containing 176g CP kg(-1) DM (LP); (2) LP plus an intravenous infusion of 5-0g methionine, 9-1g phenylalanine and 2-2g tryptophan day(-1); (3) grass silage ad libitum plus 5kg day(-1) of a barley/soya supplement containing 334g CP kg(-1) DM (HP); and (4) HP plus the intravenous infusion of methionine, phenylalanine and tryptophan. The HP treatment produced a higher yield (P < 0-0.05) of milk protein than the LP treatment (722 vs. 667g day(-1)) but the amino acid infusion had no effect with either treatment. The elimination of methionine, phenylalanine and tryptophan (and, in previous experiments, methionine and lysine) as candidates for limiting amino acids on diets of grass silage plus soya-based supplements questions whether the differences in responses to casein and SPI can be explained in terms of their amino acid compositions. The role of factors such as peptides, producing during digestion, some of which may be biologically active, deserves investigation.

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Accession: 002198405

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