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Serum hyperviscosity syndrome associated with multiple myeloma in two cats



Serum hyperviscosity syndrome associated with multiple myeloma in two cats



Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 200(1): 79-82



Serum hyperviscosity syndrome was diagnosed in 2 cats with multiple myeloma. Clinical signs included pale mucous membranes, dehydration, retinal hemorrhages, dilated and tortuous retinal vessels, seizures, head-tilt, nystagmus, systolic murmur, and gallop rhythm. Laboratory abnormalities included hyperglobulinemia, azotemia, hyperphosphatemia, nonregenerative anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Both cats had IgG monoclonal gammopathy, Bence Jones proteinuria, increased numbers of bone marrow plasma cells, and high values for relative serum viscosity. Renal disease was suspected in both cats. Cardiac hypertrophy was documented in 1 cat and was suspected in the other cat. Chemotherapy, using melphalan, prednisone, and vincristine, caused short-term remission in both cats, and plasmapheresis was used to lower serum protein concentration in 1 cat. Serum hyperviscosity syndrome rarely develops in cats, but should be suspected when monoclonal gammopathy exists with signs of neurologic, cardiac, or retinal disease.

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Accession: 002219773

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PMID: 1537697


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