+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Serum lipid and fecal bile acid changes with cereal, vegetable, and sugar-beet fiber feeding



Serum lipid and fecal bile acid changes with cereal, vegetable, and sugar-beet fiber feeding



American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53(5): 1235-1241



Thirty-four subjects consumed six controlled formula diets for 3 wk each, supplemented with 0 g added fiber, 10 and 30 g dietary fiber as wheat bran (WB), 10 and 30 g dietary fiber as mixed vegetable fiber (VF), and 30 g dietary fiber as sugar-beet fiber (SBF). Serum cholesterol changes for fiber free, 10 g WB, 30 g WB, 10 g VF, 30 g VF, and 30 g SBF (-0.13, -0.18, -0.05, -0.17, -0.24, and -0.70 mmol/L, respectively) were significant for 30 g VF and 30 g SBF. Reduction in total cholesterol with SBF was largely due to significant lowering of low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol. Total fecal bile acid concentrations were significantly higher with the fiber-free diet than with 30 g WB, VF, and SBF (P less than 0.001) and were also higher with 30 g SBF than with 30 g WB and 30 g VF (P less than 0.005). Daily fecal bile acid excretion was not different on 30 g SBF compared with 30 g WB and 30 g VF. Differences in cholesterol reduction across the diets could not be explained by differences in fecal bile acid excretion.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 002219798

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1850577

DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/53.5.1235


Related references

Effects of cereal vegetable and sugar beet fiber feeding on serum cholesterol and bile acid excretion. FASEB Journal 4(3): A527, 1990

Effects of cereal and vegetable fiber on transit time stool weight ph and bile acid excretion. Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 31: 144, 1990

Fermentation of vegetable fiber in the intestinal tract of rats and effects on fecal bulking and bile acid excretion. Journal of Nutrition 120(5): 459-466, 1990

Pectin feeding influences fecal bile acid excretion, hepatic bile acid and cholesterol synthesis and serum cholesterol in rats. Journal of Nutrition 126(7): 1766-1771, 1996

Bile acid metabolism in rats fed two levels of corn oil and brans of oat, rye and barley and sugar beet fiber. Journal of Nutrition 122(3): 473-481, 1992

Competitive roles of saponin lecithin and bile acid in cholesterol binding to sugar beet fiber. FASEB Journal 5(4): A572, 1991

Nutritional properties of coarse and fine sugar beet fiber hard and red wheat bran i. effects on rat serum and liver cholesterol and triglycerides and on fecal characteristics. Cereal Chemistry 67(6): 538-541, 1990

Effects of different dietary sources of cholesterol protein and fiber on lipid metabolism in broiler chicks 4. effects of feeding vegetable residues extracted with ether or water on serum cholesterol and fecal steroid excretion in broiler chicks. Korean Journal of Animal Science 27(6): 381-385, 1985

Effects of sugar beet fiber feeding on serum lipids and binding of low-density lipoproteins to liver membranes in growing pigs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 57(4): 524-532, 1993

Effects of dietary fibre on serum lipid levels and fecal bile acid excretion. Canadian Medical Association Journal 123(12): 1213-1217, 1980

Effect of activated carbon beads on serum lipid levels and fecal bile acid excretion in rats. Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics 10(10): 557-563, 1987

A comparison of the compositions of dietary fiber from some cereal and vegetable products in relation to observed effects in fecal weight. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft & Technologie 14(6): 301-305, 1981

The effect of dietary fiber calcium and fat upon cecal ph cecal total and aqueous phase bile acid concentrations fecal bile acid concentration and excretion in the rat. Clinical Research 39(2): 234A, 1991

The effect of bile salt feeding on large intestinal and fecal bile acid concentrations in rats. Nutrition Reports International 34(6): 1021-1030, 1986

On the Bile Acid and Neutral Fecal Steroid Excretion in man and Rabbits Following Cholesterol Feeding. Bile Acids and Steroids 150. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 63: 21-35, 1965