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Site-specific oligodeoxynucleotide binding to maize Adh1 gene promoter represses Adh1-GUS gene expression in vivo



Site-specific oligodeoxynucleotide binding to maize Adh1 gene promoter represses Adh1-GUS gene expression in vivo



Plant molecular biology: an international journal on molecular biology biochemistry and genetic engineering 19(5): 715-723



There is a 36 bp tract of extreme homopurine/homopyrimidine (PuPy) asymmetry in the maize Adh1 gene promoter (from -44 to -79) that is S1-hypersensitive in plasmids under supercoil tension. Oligodeoxynucleotides corresponding to the PuPy tract were designed to examine the secondary structure of the region and address the possible role of the tract in gene regulation. On the basis of oligodeoxynucleotide band-shift and DNase I footprinting analyses, it was concluded that the homopyrimidine oligodeoxynucleotide can form a triple helix with the duplex PuPy tract in vitro. Transient assays in protoplasts, suspension cells, and seedling roots show that the homopyrimidine oligodeoxynucleotide is also capable of repressing Adh1-GUS gene expression during co-transformation, presumably by the formation of a triple helix with the PuPy tract in vivo. The complementary homopurine oligodeoxynucleotide would not form a triple helix in vitro, nor would it repress Adh1-GUS in vivo. We propose that triple helix formation is a potential regulatory phenomenon in vivo, and that an intraregion triple helix could occur within the Adh1 promoter via the formation of H-DNA.

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Accession: 002221948

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1643278

DOI: 10.1007/bf00027068


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