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Soybean protein isolate and soybean lectin inhibit iron absorption in rats






Journal of Nutrition 122(5): 1190-1196

Soybean protein isolate and soybean lectin inhibit iron absorption in rats

Inhibitory effects of soybean protein isolate (SPI) and soybean lectin on the intestinal absorption of nonheme iron were investigated by in vivo studies in rats. Rats fed the SPI-based diet absorbed significantly less iron than did control rats fed the casein-based diet. Supplementing the SPI diets with 8% D-galactose significantly increased the incorporation of iron into liver ferritin, although D-galactose did not significantly increase iron absorption. Heat treatment of SPI significantly increased iron absorption. Ascorbate did not enhance iron absorption in rats fed the SPI-based diet. The presence of lectin in an aqueous extract of SPI was suggested by hemagglutination activity as well as by immunoreactivity with soybean lectin antibody. Soybean lectin introduced into ligated segments of the upper small intestine of rats inhibited ferrous iron absorption. This inhibitory effect, especially in the mucosal uptake, was significantly improved by addition of N-acetyl-D-galactosamine to soybean lectin. Soybean lectin had no effect on ferric iron absorption. Our results suggest that a portion of the reduction in iron absorption in rats fed SPI may be due to lectins.


Accession: 002226032

PMID: 1564573



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