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Taxonomic patterns and inheritance of chloroplast DNA variation in a survey of Pinus echinata, Pinus elliottii, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda

Taxonomic patterns and inheritance of chloroplast DNA variation in a survey of Pinus echinata, Pinus elliottii, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda

Canadian journal of forest research = Revue canadienne de recherche forestiere 22(5): 683-689

We used 20 heterologous probes (representing approximately 78% of the Pinus contorta Dougl. chloroplast genome) and 16 endonucleases to examine chloroplast DNA restriction fragments from four Pinus L. species of the southeastern United States. Three variable markers, separated from each other by at least 20 kilobase pairs, were detected in a preliminary screening of two samples from each of the four southern pine species. Restriction fragments of these three markers were paternally inherited in controlled matings, as would be expected of chloroplast DNA genotypes of conifers. Eight chloroplast DNA haplotypes were identified by joint analysis of the three markers in a geographic survey of 215 individuals. The taxonomic distribution of these eight haplotypes placed the four southern pines in the following three groups: (i) Pinus echinata Mill. - Pinus palustris Mill., (ii) Pinus elliottii Engelm., and (iii) Pinus taeda L. Little intraspecific variation was evident in the geographic survey, but one of the three chloroplast DNA markers was clearly polymorphic in P. elliottii.

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Accession: 002239371

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DOI: 10.1139/x92-091

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