EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The effects of high-energy feeding on energy balance and growth in infants with congenital heart disease and failure to thrive


British Journal of Nutrition 65(2): 131-143
The effects of high-energy feeding on energy balance and growth in infants with congenital heart disease and failure to thrive
Failure to thrive (FTT) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) can be attributed to their low energy intakes and high resting energy expenditures. Energy intake, energy expenditure and growth were studied in infants with CHD on normal formula feeds and then on feeds supplemented with glucose polymer to see whether supplementation improved energy retention and growth. Mean gross energy intakes increased by 31.7% on high-energy feeding and mean weight gain improved from 1.3 g/kg per d on control to 5.8 g/kg per d on high-energy feeding. Resting oxygen consumption (VO2 ml/kg per min) was not significantly different on the two feeding regimens, although respiratory quotient rose on high-energy feeding reflecting the increased carbohydrate intake. Estimated energy costs of growth on high-energy feeding fell within the previously described range for normal infants. It is recommended that infants with CHD known to be associated with FTT are fed on high-energy diets from the time of diagnosis in order to optimize growth.


Accession: 002249219

PMID: 2043599

DOI: 10.1079/bjn19910075



Related references

Growth failure and congenital heart disease. Energy and nitrogen balance in infants. American Journal of Diseases of Children 120(6): 497-502, 1970

Dietary energy supplementation improves nutritional status in infants with failure to thrive ftt and congenital heart disease chd. Annals of Human Biology 17(4): 338, 1990

Effect of feeding an infant formula with high energy density on gastric emptying in infants with congenital heart disease. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 70(4): 513-516, 1981

The effect of feeding an infant formula with high energy density on gastric emptying in infants with congenital heart disease. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 70(4): 513-516, 1981

Effects of solar radiation and feeding time in a hot environment on heat and energy balance parameters in cattle fed a high energy concentration diet. McCracken, K J [Editor], Unsworth, E F [Editor], Wylie, A R G [Editor] Energy metabolism of farm animals 205-208, 1998

Feeding problems in children with congenital heart disease: the impact on energy intake and growth outcome. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46(7): 457-464, 1992

Energy balance of grazing beef cattle in Mediterranean pasture, the effects of stocking rate and season. 2. Energy expenditure as estimated from heart rate and oxygen consumption, and energy balance. Livestock Production Science 90(2/3): 101-115, 2004

Energy balance and metabolic rate in preterm infants fed with standard and high-energy formulas. British Journal of Nutrition 44(1): 13-23, 1980

Energy intake, metabolic balance and growth in preterm infants fed formulas with different nonprotein energy supplements. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 38(4): 407-413, 2004

Energy expenditure in infants with congenital heart disease. Journal of Investigative Medicine 48(5): 235A, September, 2000