The glycine cleavage system. Molecular cloning of the chicken and human glycine decarboxylase cDNAs and some characteristics involved in the deduced protein structures

Kume, A.; Koyata, H.; Sakakibara, T.; Ishiguro, Y.; Kure, S.; Hiraga, K.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(5): 3323-3329


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 1993704
Accession: 002251181

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A cDNA encoding chicken glycine decarboxylase (pCP15b) was isolated using an antibody specific to this protein. Additional cDNAs were cloned with the aid of the genomic fragments obtained by using the pCP15b cDNA probe. No initiator methionine codon is found in the currently elucidated cDNA sequence, and an ATG codon in an exon is assigned to this role. The precursor glycine decarboxylase deduced from the 3514-base pair nucleotide sequence is comprised of 1,004 amino acids (Mr = 111,848). The 1,020 amino acid residues are encoded for the precursor form of human glycine decarboxylase (Mr = 112,869) in the 3,783-base long cDNA sequence of two 1.9-kilobase pair cDNAs with a pentanucleotide overlap. The pyridoxal phosphate binding site lysine and a glycine-rich region, which is suggested to be responsible for the attachment of the phosphate moiety of pyridoxal phosphate, are found in close proximity in both the chicken and human enzymes. This region essential for the enzyme action is suggested to be embedded in a segment rich in beta-turns and random coils and is surrounded by conserved and repetitive amino acid sequences. It is suggested that these structures are involved in the organization of the active site of glycine decarboxylase.