Two different satellite DNAs in Beta vulgaris L.: evolution, quantification and distribution in the genus
Santoni, S.; Bervillé, A.
Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 84(7-8): 1009-1016
Two highly repeated EcoRI (0.45 × 10(6)) and BamHI (0.17 × 10(6)) fragments per haploid genome were found in sugar beet genomic DNA. Both fragments were located by 6% acrylamide-gel electrophoresis, purified and cloned in pUC18. Four of the inserts corresponding to each family were chosen for further study. Both fragment families display the main characteristics of the satellite DNA of animals and plants. The EcoRI and BamHI fragment families are arranged in long tandem arrays. Fragments of the EcoRI family (pBVE) were analyzed. They vary both in sequence and in length (158-160 nt) in comparison with the consensus sequence of 159nt. Both families are A-T rich; pBVE is 59% rich while pBVB is 69% rich. The BVESAT family is present in all the members of the section Vulgares. It is conserved in the section Procumbentes with 80% homology and the same length, but is not detectable in the Corollinae. The sequence variation rate and the variation in length (330±5 nt) are of the same order in comparison with those of the BVESAT family. However, the BVBSAT family is present in species of the section Vulgares only. As regards other plant satellite DNAs, the BVESAT family shares homology with Allium cepa satellite DNA, with three of the yeast centromeric sequences, and with three Arabidopsis thaliana sequences. The BVBSAT family is unique to the Vulgares and does not share any homology with other plant or animal satellite DNAs sequences so far.