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A study on the pot cultures of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Korea

A study on the pot cultures of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Korea

Korean Journal of Mycology 21(1): 38-50

Four plants (Sorghum bicolor, Cassia mimosoides var. nomame, Sesamum indicum and Glycine soja) were cultivated at the pots including the soils containing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and were also investigated with the colonizations and productions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Whereas the colonizations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi continuously increased on the roots until 50 days, the productions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores were fluctuated with the terms of 30 days after inoculated. This indicated that the colonizations on the roots were not correlated with productions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores. Also, the various soils collected were applied to this technique by using pot cultures. Out of 82 various soils collected, the spore productions of arbuscular mycorrhiza were observed only from the 42 soils. The spores cultured under artificial conditions were identified to 15 species with four genera. The spore productions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi using this technique would be considered to be related to the soil pH: The spore productions were found in the low for the species of Acaulospora and Glomus, the those near pH 7.6 for the species of some Glomus, Scutellospora and Gigaspora.

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