+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Animal welfare: concepts and measurement

Animal welfare: concepts and measurement

Journal of Animal Science 69(10): 4167-4175

The term "welfare" refers to the state of an individual in relation to its environment, and this can be measured. Both failure to cope with the environment and difficulty in coping are indicators of poor welfare. Suffering and poor welfare often occur together, but welfare can be poor without suffering and welfare should not be defined solely in terms of subjective experiences. The situations that result in poor welfare are reviewed in this study with special reference to those in which an individual lacks control over interactions with its environment. The indicators of poor welfare include the following: reduced life expectancy, impaired growth, impaired reproduction, body damage, disease, immunosuppression, adrenal activity, behavior anomalies, and self-narcotization. The uses of measures of responsiveness, stereotypies, and animal preferences in welfare assessment are discussed. The need to make direct measurement of poor welfare as well as to use sophisticated studies of animal preferences is emphasized.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 002301585

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1778832

DOI: 10.2527/1991.69104167x

Related references

Animal welfare in Austria: basic concepts of animal ethics, legal framework and animal welfare-related research. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 91(Supplement 1): 44-58, 2004

Concepts in Animal Welfare: a syllabus in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinary schools. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4): 451-453, 2005

"Concepts in animal welfare": a syllabus in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinary schools. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4): 451-453, 2006

A novel method for teaching animal welfare concepts Animal welfare judging teams. Journal of Dairy Science 85(Supplement 1): 164, 2002

Current animal welfare problems. Continuing education meeting of the ATF Animal Welfare Working Group and the Institute of Animal Health and Animal Welfare of the Hannover Veterinary School, Germany, 7-8 October 1999. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 107(3): 83-130, 2000

Concepts of animal welfare in relation to positions in animal ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 59(2): 153-171, 2011

Animal welfare and the treaty of Rome - legal analysis of the protocol on animal welfare and welfare standards in the European Union. Journal of Environmental Law 12(2): 197-205, 2000

Editorial: Concepts of Animal Welfare. Acta Biotheoretica 59(2): 93-103, 2011

Animal welfare Its scientific measurement and current relevance to animal husbandry in Europe. Phillips, C , Piggins, D Farm animals and the environment : 245-253, 1992

The Effect of Steps to Promote Higher Levels of Farm Animal Welfare across the EU. Societal versus Animal Scientists' Perceptions of Animal Welfare. Animals 3(3): 786-807, 2013

Animal Welfare, Animal Health and Animal Welfare in the modern Agriculture Ethical Conflicts of Interest from an agricultural science Perspective. Zeitschrift Fur Evangelische Ethik 63(1): 45-58, 2019

Investigating the animal's point of view. An enquiry into a subject-based method of measurement in the field of animal welfare. Unknown, 1997

An historical account of the development of the animal needs index ANI-35L as part of the attempt to promote and regulate farm animal welfare in Austria: An example of the interaction between animal welfare science and society. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A Animal Science (Supplementum 30): 34-41, 2001

Welfare measurement concepts for nonmarketed resources. Special Publication University of Georgia, College of Agriculture Experiment Stations ( 53): 10pp., 1989

Consistency over time of animal-based welfare indicators as a further step for developing a welfare assessment monitoring scheme: The case of the Animal Welfare Indicators protocol for dairy goats. Journal of Dairy Science 100(11): 9194-9204, 2017