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Animal-associated opportunistic infections among persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus



Animal-associated opportunistic infections among persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus



Clinical Infectious Diseases 18(1): 14-24



A number of animal-associated infections occur in persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including those due to Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium, Microsporida, Salmonella, Campylo-bacter, Giardia, Rhodococcus equi, Rochalimaea, and Listeria monocytogenes. Most of these infections, with the exception of those due to Rochalimaea, appear to be acquired by the immunosuppressed individual from sources other than exposure to animals. Drs. Glaser and colleagues review our current understanding of the role of exposure to animals, especially pets, in the natural history of these opportunistic infections. They suggest that the risk of zoonotic transmission is small and offer practical suggestions designed to reduce this low risk. They conclude that the benefits of animal companionship outweigh the risks to patients and that prohibition of pet ownership by individuals infected with HIV is not warranted.

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Accession: 002301588

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8054433

DOI: 10.1093/clinids/18.1.14



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