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Annotated list of metazoan parasites reported from the blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus



Annotated list of metazoan parasites reported from the blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus



Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 60(1): 62-66



A list of all metazoan parasites (comprising copepods, cirripeds, amphipods, pisceans, cestodes, digeneans, nematodes and acanthocephalans) reported from blue whales, Balaenoptera musculus (L.) indicates that of 18 endohelminth species and 8 ectoparasites or epizoa reported worldwide only 2 (Tetrabothrius schaeferi Markowski, 1955 and Crassicauda tortilis Skrjabin, 1959) are restricted to blue whales. All other reported parasites have been found in other species of mysticetes, odontocetes, or pinnipeds. The acquisition of parasites by blue whales, which have a moderate diversity of parasites, is probably restricted by their highly specialized euphausid diet. Two parasites of blue whales, Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809) and Diplogonoporus balaenopterae (Lonnberg, 1892), are known zoonotic pathogens.

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