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Antibiotic production by strains of Gliocladium virens and its relation to the biocontrol of cotton seedling diseases



Antibiotic production by strains of Gliocladium virens and its relation to the biocontrol of cotton seedling diseases



Biocontrol science and technology(4): 435-441



Strains of the fungal antagonist Gliocladium virens were separated into two distinct groups on the basis of secondary metabolite production in vitro. Strains of the 'Q' group produced the antibiotics gliovirin and heptelidic acid but not the antibiotic gliotoxin and its companion, dimethylgliotoxin. Strains of the 'Q' group produced gliotoxin and dimethtylgliotoxin but not gliovirin or heptelidic acid. Strains from both groups produced the antibiotic viridin and phytotoxin viridiol. Gliovirin was very inhibitory to Pythium ultimum but had 110 activity against Rhizoctonia solani, and strains that produce it were more effective seed treatment biocontrol agents of disease incited by P. ultimum. Conversely, gliotoxin was more active against R. solani than against P. ultimum, and strains that produced it were more effective seed treatments for controlling disease incited by R. solani. These results indicate that the antibiotic profiles of strains should be considered when screening strains for biocontrol efficacy, and that it may be necessary to treat seeds with a combination of strains in order to broaden the disease control spectrum.

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Accession: 002302532

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DOI: 10.1080/09583159309355298


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