Antimicrobial activity of fatty acids against Bacillus larvae, the causative agent of American foulbrood disease

Feldlaufer, M.F.; Knox, D.A.; Lusby, W.R.; Shimanuki, H.

Apidologie 24(2): 95-99

1993


ISSN/ISBN: 0044-8435
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19930202
Accession: 002303064

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Abstract
Various saturated and unsaturated free fatty acids were tested for their antibiotic activity against Bacillus larvae, the causative agent of American foulbrood disease of honey bee larvae. Saturated compounds containing gt 14 carbons were inactive. Antimicrobial activity could be restored to the longer chain length compounds by the addition of one or more double bonds. The antibiotic activity of fatty acids may make them suitable for use in the prevention and control of foulbrood diseases of honey bees.