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Association of obesity and distribution of obesity with glucose tolerance and cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly

Association of obesity and distribution of obesity with glucose tolerance and cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly

International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 16(9): 695-704

ISSN/ISBN: 0307-0565

PMID: 1328093

The association of obesity and fat distribution with glucose tolerance and cardiovascular risk factor levels were investigated in a population-based study in East Finland including 396 non-diabetic men and 673 women aged from 65 to 74 years. Obese men and women (BMI greater than 27 kg/m2) had higher levels (P less than 0.001) of fasting and 2 h plasma glucose and insulin as well as total triglycerides and diastolic blood pressure, and lower levels of HDL cholesterol than normal weight men and women. Central fat distribution (the highest vs. the lowest tertile of waist-hip ratio) was associated independently of obesity with high fasting glucose (5.7 vs. 5.5 mmol/l in non-obese subjects, 5.9 vs. 5.7 mmol/l in obese subjects, P less than 0.05) and insulin levels (13.7 vs. 10.6 mU/l in non-obese subjects, 18.4 vs. 15.6 mU/l in obese subjects, P less than 0.01) and with adverse changes (P less than 0.05) in lipid and lipoprotein levels (triglycerides: 1.59 vs. 1.41 mmol/l in non-obese subjects, 1.92 vs. 1.69 mmol/l in obese subjects; HDL cholesterol: 1.33 vs. 1.43 mmol/l in non-obese subjects, 1.20 vs. 1.32 mmol/l in obese subjects). There were no marked differences in metabolic aberrations related to obesity between men and women. However, the association between waist-hip ratio and risk factors was non-linear in men whereas it was linear in women. In conclusion, obesity per se rather than its distribution was a more significant determinant of glucose and insulin as well as total triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels in elderly subjects.

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Accession: 002306347

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