EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

Balansia pilulaeformis, an epiphytic species


, : Balansia pilulaeformis, an epiphytic species. Mycologia 85(4): 527-534

Living specimens of the grass Chasmanthium laxum infected with the fungus Balansia pilulaeformis were examined for growth habit of the fungus. The fungus was found to grow epiphytically on meristems and in the axils of young leaves in a manner essentially identical to Atkinsonella species and B. cyperi. Living specimens of Cenchrus echinatus infected by B. obtecta and dried specimens of rice (Oryza sativa) infected by B. pallida were also examined and the latter species exhibited an epiphytic growth form as well. As now understood, the majority of species and genera in the tribe Balansieae (Clavicipitaceae) critically examined are epiphytes, belying the notion that most species are endophytic. These additional findings of epiphytism provide further motivation for examining other taxa and have implications for generic classification in the tribe.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Order PDF Full Text

Close
Close

Click here to order any other PDF Full Text


Accession: 002308103

DOI: 10.2307/3760498

Submit PDF Full Text: Here


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Powell R.G.; Plattner R.D.; Yates S.G.; Clay K.; Leuchtmann A., 1990: Ergobalansine a new ergot type peptide alkaloid isolated from cenchrus echinatus sandbur grass infected with balansia obtecta and produced in liquid cultures of balansia obtecta and balansia cyperi. An EtOH extract of Cenchrus echinatus (sandbur grass) infected with Balansia obtecta, a fungal endophyte of the Clavicipitaceae, has yielded ergobalansine [1], a new ergot-type alkaloid. Ergobalansine is a peptide derivative of lysergic acid, but...

Leuchtmann A.; Clay K., 1988: Atkinsonella hypoxylon and balansia cyperi epiphytic members of the balansiae. Four species in the tribe Balansiae (Clavicipitaceae) infecting grasses and sedges were studied to determine their growth habit as endophytes or epiphytes. The genus Myriogenospora previously has been reported to be epiphytic but other members of...

Porter, J.; Bacon, C.; Robbins, J., 1979: Lysergic acid amide derivatives from Balansia epichloe and Balansia claviceps (Clavicipitaceae). Journal of natural products 42(3): 309-314

Bacon, C.; Porter, J.; Robbins, J., 1981: Ergot alkaloid biosynthesis by isolates of Balansia eichloe and Balansia henningsiana. Canadian journal of botany = Journal canadien de botanique 59(12): 2534-2538

Bacon C.W.; Porter J.K.; Robbins J.D., 1981: Ergot alkaloid biosynthesis by isolates of balansia epichloe and balansia henningsiana. Ergot alkaloids produce toxicity syndromes in rattle grazing grass containing Balansia spp. Two endophytic clavicipitaceous fungi, B. epichloe and B. henningsiana, were isolated from several grasses, cultured on laboratory media and assessed for t...

Morgan-Jones, G.P.elps, R., 1995: Systemic and biological studies in the Balansieae and related anamorphs. IX. The teleomorph of Balansia kunzei, a new name for Balansia epichloe. Mycotaxon t 54(54): 203-213

Morgan Jones, G.; Phelps, R.A., 1995: Systematic and biological studies in the Balansieae and related anamorphs. IX. The teleomorph of Balansia kunzei, a new name for Balansia epichloe. The development and morphology of the teleomorph, including ascostroma and perithecia, of B. epichloe on the adaxial surface of leaves of Eragrostis capillaris is described and illustrated. The nomenclature of the fungus is reviewed. The binomial...

Kim, J-R.; Shin, Y-K.; Lee, G-H.; Lee, W-H., 1991: A study on the relationships between the epiphytic microbes and the blight of Porphyra species from the coastal waters of the Yellow Sea, Korea 1 Species composition and standing stocks of epiphytic diatom and ambient water phytoplankton. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Society, 241: 79-88

Powell, R.G.; Plattner, R.D.; Yates, S.G.; Clay, K.; Leuchtmann, A., 1990: Ergobalansine, a new ergot-type peptide alkaloid isolated from Cenchrus echinatus (sandbur grass) infected with Balansia obtecta, and produced in liquid cultures of B. obtecta and Balansia cyperi. Journal of Natural Products 53(5): 1272-1279

Lewis, E.A.; Bills, G.F.; Heredia, G.; Reyes, M.; Arias, R.Maria.; White, J.F., 2002: A new species of endophytic Balansia from Veracruz, Mexico. A new graminicolous species of Clavicipitaceae, Balansia brunnans sp. nov., has been found to infect Panicum xalapense. Staining of live host tissues indicates the presence of intercellular endophytic mycelium. Stromata develop just below the node...