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Beak trimming effects on beak length and feed usage for growth and egg production

, : Beak trimming effects on beak length and feed usage for growth and egg production. Poultry Science 71(11): 1830-1841

Two experiments were conducted to compare beak treatment effects on pullets of three genetic stocks. Within each stock, equal numbers were assigned to three treatments: no beak trimming (IN), beak trimming once (1X), and beak trimming twice (2X). Beak treatment, genetic stock, and age effects along with interactions among main effects were examined for production-associated traits during rearing and brief periods of early egg production. Beaks of 1X and 2X pullets remained shorter than those of IN pullets through final measurements at 36 and 32 wk of age in Experiments 1 and 2, respectively. However, differences in beak length decreased as age increased. Upper beaks of 2X pullets remained shorter than those of 1X pullets, but lower beaks of 1X and 2X pullets did not differ by 20 wk in Experiment 2. Weight gains, feed usage, and efficiency of growth were affected by beak treatments. Beak trimming reduced gains, feed eaten, feed wasted, and total feed used, and 2X pullets used their feed more efficiently for weight gain and egg production. A general decrease occurred in differences among beak treatments for weight gains, feed eaten, feed wasted, and efficiency of gains with increasing age during rearing. Nevertheless, significant differences in feed consumed, feed wasted, and efficiency of feed used for egg production indicated an economic advantage in favor of beak trimming.

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Accession: 002308569

PMID: 1437970

DOI: 10.3382/ps.0711830

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