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Behavioral strategies of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana against Varroa jacobsoni


, : Behavioral strategies of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana against Varroa jacobsoni. International Journal of Acarology 19(2): 173-177

The grooming and removal behaviors of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera is reviewed and their function as active mechanisms of resistance against the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni is discussed. Both mechanisms and the restricted reproduction of the mite in drone brood cells constitute resistance in A. mellifera. We propose that there are opportunities for selection and breeding of A. mellifera with a higher capability of response to infestation by V. jacobsoni; the grooming and removal behaviors of the bees as defense mechanisms should be considered for genetic improvement.


Accession: 002308862

DOI: 10.1080/01647959308683977

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Related references

Boecking, O.; Rath, W.; Drescher, W., 1993: Grooming and removal behaviour - strategies of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana against Varroa jacobsoni. This is a review, with 26 references. Reports so far indicate that although A. cerana has a higher resistance to V. jacobsoni than A. mellifera, this cannot be explained entirely by differences in grooming and removal of infested brood.

Boecking, O.R.th, W.D.escher, W., 1993: Grooming and removal behavior - strategies of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana bees against Varroa jacobsoni. American bee journal 133(2): 117-119

Boot, W.J.; Calis, J.N.M.; Beetsma, J.; Dong Minh Hai; Nguyen Kim Lan; Tran Van Toan; L.Q.ang Trung; Nguyen Hung Minh, 1999: Natural selection of Varroa jacobsoni explains the different reproductive strategies in colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera. To test if non-reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in worker brood cells of Apis cerana is due to a trait of the mites or of the honeybee species, mites from bees in A. mellifera colonies were artificially introduced into A. cerana worker brood cells...

Boot, W.J.; Calis, J.N.M.; Beetsma, J.; Hai, D.M.nh; Lan, N.K.m; Van Toan, T.; Trung, L.Q.ang; Minh, N.H.ng, 1999: Natural selection of Varroa jacobsoni explains the differential reproductive strategies in colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera. Bruin, J [Author], van der Geest, L P S [Author], Sabelis, M W [Author] Series Entomologica (Dordrecht) Ecology and Evolution of the Acari 349-357

Buchler, R.; Drescher, W.; Tornier, I., 1992: Grooming behaviour of Apis cerana, Apis mellifera and Apis dorsata and its effects on the parasitic mites Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae. Apis mellifera and A. cerana observation hives were used to test the response to individually introduced Varroa jacobsoni. Within 60 s, 88.6% of the workers of A. cerana showed auto-grooming behaviour. Within 5 min, allo-grooming behaviour, involv...

Buchler, R.; Drescher, W.; Tornier, I., 1992: Grooming behaviour of Apis cerana, Apis mellifera and Apis dorsata and its effect on the parasitic mites Varroa jacobsoni and Tropilaelaps clareae. One Apis mellifera colony and one Apis cerana colony in observation hives were used to test the response to individually introduced Varroa jacobsoni. Within 60 s, 88.6% of the involved cerana workers (n = 44) showed auto-grooming behaviour. Within...

Fries, I.; Wei HuaZhen; Shi Wei; Chen ShuJin, 1996: Grooming behavior and damaged mites (Varroa jacobsoni) in Apis cerana cerana and Apis mellifera ligustica. Varroa mite mortality and mite damage in colonies of Apis cerana cerana and Apis mellifera ligustica, where mites were added to observation hive bees and to full-sized colonies of both bee species, were studied near Beijing, China, in August-Septe...

Chaudhary, D.K.; Mattu, V.K., 1997: Incidence of Varroa jacobsoni Oud. on Apis mellifera and Apis cerana in Himachal Pradesh, India. Samples of bees were collected from wild and managed colonies of both species in two different areas. Varroa jacobsoni was found in only one of the 11 A. cerana samples and in 2 of the 33 A. mellifera samples.

Cook, V.; Griffiths, D.1; Bowman, C., 1982: Varroasis--a parasitic disease of honey bees Apis cerana, Apis mellifera, Varroa jacobsoni. Leaflet Great Britain Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food Agricultural Development and Advisory Service: (834)

Rath, W., 1993: Aspects of preadaptation in Varroa jacobsoni while shifting from its original host Apis cerana to Apis mellifera. Unknown