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Behaviour and ecology of the sub-tropical carpenter bee Xylocopa fenestrata F. 4. Parasites, predators and nest destroyers

, : Behaviour and ecology of the sub-tropical carpenter bee Xylocopa fenestrata F. 4. Parasites, predators and nest destroyers. Indian Bee Journal 53(1-4): 30-33

In laboratory nests of X. fenestrata at Hisar, Haryana, India, 2 parasitic species were recorded, of which Monodontomerus obscurus was the more serious. The predators/nest destroyers were 4 ant species, one reptile (Hemidactylus sp., common wall lizard) one bird (Dicrurus adsimilis albirictus, king crow) 5 rat species and a squirrel. Ants were found on developing brood during summer and autumn, but the other predators were active throughout the year.

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