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Disomic and ditelosomic alien chromosome additions in beet (Beta vulgaris), carrying an extra chromosome of B. procumbens or telosome of B. patellaris



Disomic and ditelosomic alien chromosome additions in beet (Beta vulgaris), carrying an extra chromosome of B. procumbens or telosome of B. patellaris



Genome 36(2): 261-267



Alien chromosome transmission through the female germ line as well as meiosis in pollen mother cells were studied in disomic and ditelosomic alien chromosome additions of beet, Beta vulgaris, carrying an extra pair of chromosomes or telosomes of B. procumbens or B. patellaris, respectively. The alien chromosomes carried genes for resistance to the beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii, and screening for this resistance was used to select plants with or without the alien chromosomes. A great variation for alien chromosome transmission was recorded and plants carrying two extra alien chromosomes were recovered in the backcross progenies of the disomic or ditelosomic additions. However, in these progenies the average frequencies of plants without alien chromosomes (86%) did not clearly differ from that in similar progenies of the original monosomic or monotelosomic chromosome additions, indicating that doubling the number of the alien chromosome did not enlarge their transmission to the next generation. The alien chromosomes fully paired at pachytene and desynapsed again before diakinesis, indicating decreased chiasma formation. At second metaphase nearly 60% of the cells had one extra chromosome, and the remaining cells carried two or no extra chromosomes in about equal proportions. The tetrads looked fully normal. The expected relation between the average number of alien chromosomes in the germ cells and in the plants of the progenies did not show up, indicating a strong selection favouring the female gametes without alien chromosomes.

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Accession: 002347501

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18469985

DOI: 10.1139/g93-036


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