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Ecological risk assessment of the deliberate release of genetically modified microorgansisms



Ecological risk assessment of the deliberate release of genetically modified microorgansisms



Ambio 22(4): 236-242



In 1989, a research programme was initiated in Sweden to study the ecological risks following release of transgenic organisms. This paper presents a strategy for ecological risk assessment of genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) and current information concerning the regulation of GMMs released into the environment. The ecotoxicological evaluation of pesticides is presented as a good regulatory model. GMMs are capable of growth, proliferation and, potentially, gene transfer, and therefore require additional regulatory considerations. Ecological risk assessment of GMMs will require knowledge on the following: biology of the organism; nature of the genetic modification; fate of the organism and the modified genome in the environment; potential environmental impact; and potential effect on non-target organisms. To obtain the necessary data for risk assessment, tests are needed that will increase in complexity in a stepwise manner from controlled laboratory tests to small-scale field trials. These tests require efficient detection methods and adequate model systems.

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Accession: 002351302

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.2307/4314076



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