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Ecological sustainability and the use of chemicals: is ecotoxicology risk assessment doing its job properly ? An introduction to chemical time bombs



Ecological sustainability and the use of chemicals: is ecotoxicology risk assessment doing its job properly ? An introduction to chemical time bombs



Land Degradation and Rehabilitation 4(4): 207-221



Ecotoxicological risk assessment neglects problems of gradual accumulation of xenobiotic pollutants in soils, sediments and groundwater. These residues often have non-linear and time delayed effects and so are called chemical time bombs (CTB). An ecosystem approach may help governments assess CTBs. The Netherlands risk philosophy is discussed as an example of this.

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