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Ecology of tick-borne encephalitis virus: part of Ixodidae ticks males in its circulation

Ecology of tick-borne encephalitis virus: part of Ixodidae ticks males in its circulation

Ecological Parasitology 1(1): 48-58, 97

Additional modes of transmission of tickborne encephalitis (TBE) virus between ticks, in addition to the classical modes of TBE virus transmission in nature, were observed. It was shown that besides transovarial, sexual and vector (i.e. via feeding on viraemic vertebrate hosts) transmission, there is also the exchange of virus between male and female ixodid ticks (Dermacentor reticulatus, Ixodes persulcatus) closely cofeeding on aviraemic vertebrates ("transsalival transmission").

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