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Effect of estradiol valerate on ovarian follicles, emergence of follicular waves and circulating gonadotropins in heifers


, : Effect of estradiol valerate on ovarian follicles, emergence of follicular waves and circulating gonadotropins in heifers. Theriogenology 40(2): 225-239

An experiment was designed to examine the effect of estradiol valerate (EV) on the growth and regression of follicles of a wave and on the emergence of the next follicular wave. Twenty-six beef heifers were examined daily by ultrasonography and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 treatment groups at the time of ovulation (Day 0): untreated control heifers and those that received 5 mg EV intramuscularly on Day 1, Day 3 or Day 6. Maximum diameter of the dominant follicle was greater (P lt 0.05) in control heifers than in heifers treated on Day 1 or Day 3. Mean day of onset of regression of the dominant follicle was later (P lt 0.05) in control heifers than in heifers treated on Day 1 but was not different from heifers treated on Day 3. In heifers treated on Day 6, cessation of growth, maximum diameter and onset of regression were not different from that of control heifers. The emergence of the next follicular wave was earlier (P lt 0.05) in heifers treated on Day 1 than in control heifers, whereas wave emergence was delayed (P lt 0.05) in heifers treated on Day 3 or Day 6. The mean day of maximum concentration of FSH prior to the emergence of the next wave was earlier in heifers treated with EV on Day 1 and later in heifers treated on Day 3 or Day 6 compared with that of the controls (P lt 0.05). Treatment on Day 1 or Day 3 resulted in a significant LH surge in 8/13 heifers, whereas no LH surges were detected in control heifers or in heifers treated on Day 6. The hypothesis that EV suppresses the growth of the dominant follicle, was supported. Estradiol valerate treatment resulted in early emergence of the next follicular wave in heifers treated on Day 1, but treatment on Day 3 or Day 6 resulted in delayed emergence of the next follicular wave.

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Accession: 002355435

PMID: 16727309

DOI: 10.1016/0093-691x(93)90261-3

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