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Effect of fiber source and ruminal starch degradability on site and extent of digestion in dairy cows

, : Effect of fiber source and ruminal starch degradability on site and extent of digestion in dairy cows. Journal of dairy science 76(8): 2244-2253

Four duodenally cannulated Holstein cows (166 DIM) were used in a 4 X 4 Latin square with a 2 X 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to study effects of forage fiber source and ruminal starch degradability on digestion events. Forage NDF (21% of dietary DM) was from either alfalfa hay or a 1:2 (substituted on an NDF basis) ratio of alfalfa hay to wheat straw. Low and high ruminal starch degradabilities were achieved by use of either dry-rolled or steam-flaked sorghum grain, respectively. Dry matter intake did not differ among treatments (21 kg/d). Ruminal and total tract digestibilities of dietary OM, N, AWF, and ADF and flow of N fractions to the duodenum were not affected by fiber source. Diets with steam-flaked grain had higher ruminal (74 vs. 48%) and total tract (98 vs. 83%) starch digestibilities than did those diets with dry-rolled grain. Digestibilities of feed OM (63 vs. 51%) and CP (61 vs. 53%) and duodenal flows of nonammonia N (120 vs. 110% of intake) and bacterial N (.45 vs. .35 kg/d) also were higher, but microbial yield efficiency was not influenced by degradability of starch. Steam-flaked sorghum grain improved ruminal and total tract digestion of starch by lactating dairy cows and enhanced bacterial protein synthesis. Wheat straw NDF was substituted for two-thirds of the alfalfa hay NDF in diets for midlactation cows without adversely affecting digestion events or nutrient flow to the duodenum.

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Accession: 002355826

DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77561-X

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