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Effect of fish oil and coconut oil diet on the LDL receptor activity of rat liver plasma membranes


Biochimica et biophysica acta: International journal of biochemistry and biophysics, 1083(3): 298-304
Effect of fish oil and coconut oil diet on the LDL receptor activity of rat liver plasma membranes
The influence of 4 weeks treatment with fish oil and coconut oil enriched diets on the chemical composition of rat liver plasma membranes and LDL and on the binding of LDL to liver membranes was investigated. Rats fed fish oil diet showed a total, LDL and HDL plasma cholesterol concentration lower than the values observed in rats fed coconut oil and to a lesser extent lower than those of rats fed standard laboratory diet. LDL of rats on fish oil diet had a relative percentage of cholesterol and phospholipid lower, while that of triacylglycerol was greater. Furthermore, fish oil feeding was associated with a greater concentration of n - 3 fatty acids and a lower arachidonic and linoleic acid content in LDL. Liver plasma membranes isolated from fish oil rats showed a higher percentage of n - 3 fatty acids, while only a trace amount of these fatty acids was found in control and coconut oil fed animals. In binding experiments performed with LDL and liver membranes from fish oil fed rats and control rats, binding affinity (Kd = 3.47 +/- 0.93 and 4.56 +/- 1.27, respectively) was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) as compared to that found using membranes and lipoprotein from coconut oil fed rats (Kd = 6.82 +/- 2.69). In cross-binding experiments performed with fish oil LDL and coconut oil liver plasma membranes or coconut oil LDL and fish oil liver plasma membranes, the LDL binding affinity was comparable and similar to that found in fish oil fed animals. No difference was found in the Bmax among all the groups of binding experiments. Our data seem to indicate that during fish oil diet the higher binding affinity of LDL to liver plasma membranes might be partly responsible of the hypocholesterolemic action of marine oil rich diet as compared to saturated diet. Furthermore, the modifications of binding affinity induced by changes of LDL and membrane source, suggest that lipoprotein and liver plasma membrane composition may be an important variable in binding studies.

Accession: 002355839

PMID: 2049395

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2760(91)90086-w

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