+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Effect of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal endophytes on the development of six wild plants colonizing a semi-arid area in south-east Spain

New Phytologist 127(1): 115-121

Effect of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal endophytes on the development of six wild plants colonizing a semi-arid area in south-east Spain

The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on six plant species that frequently grow in areas of Mediterranean climate in south-east Spain was studied. In semi-arid soils, the most abundant AMF was Glomus aggregatum Schenck and Smith, followed by Glomus mosseae (Nicol. and Gerd.) Gerd. and Trappe. The vascular plant species studied were Dittrichia viscosa (L.) W. Greuter (Asteraceae): Dactylis glomerata L., Piptatherum miliaceum (L.) Cosson, and Stipa tenacissima L. (Poaceae); Retama sphaerocarpa (L.) Boiss., and Ulex parviflorus Pourret (Fabaceae). Legumes were studied with single and dual symbiosis (Rhizobium and AMF). In a greenhouse experiment, inoculated plants developed better than noninoculated controls, as shown by dry weight and tissue N and P content. Plants inoculated with G. aggregatum grew better than plants inoculated with G. mosseae. For this reason G. aggregatum was chosen for a field experiment, in which this AMI fungus increased shoot dry mass, shoot length, and percent survival after transplantation. The effects of soil microorganisms on development, survival and fertility of native plants, their influence on the effects of the erosion, and their importance in plant repopulation programmes are discussed.

Accession: 002356764

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1994.tb04265.x

Download PDF Full Text: Effect of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal endophytes on the development of six wild plants colonizing a semi-arid area in south-east Spain

Related references

Kernick, M.D., 1978: Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR - Phase II) Volume 4. Indigenous arid and semi-arid forage plants of North Africa, the Near and Middle East. Technical data. This study is part of the International Programme for the Ecological Management of Arid and Semi-arid Rangelands (EMASAR); most of the volume (pp. 31-658) consists of technical data sheets, each dealing with one genus and arranged under: perennial...

Sánchez-Castro, Ián.; Ferrol, N.; Cornejo, P.; Barea, Jé-Miguel., 2014: Temporal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonizing roots of representative shrub species in a semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystem. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis plays an important role in improving plant fitness and soil quality, particularly in fragile and stressed environments, as those in certain areas of Mediterranean ecosystems. AM fungal communities are usually...

Martinez Mena, M.; Castillo, V.; Albaladejo, J., 2001: Hydrological and erosional response to natural rainfall in a semi-arid area of south-east Spain. A better knowledge of soil erosion by water is essential for planning effective soil and water conservation practices in semiarid Mediterranean environments. The special climatic and hydrological characteristics of these areas, however, make accur...

Iqbal S.H.; Khalil S., 1981: Effect of ddt on vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal plants of different ages and subsequent production of endogonaceous spores by the vesicular arbuscular endophytes. One to five week old VA mycorrhizal soybean plants transplanted into soil containing 20 to 100 ppm DDT showed a reduction in VA infections and this reduction was significant in soil containing 80-100 ppm DDT. Older mycorrhizal transplants showed g...

Habte M., 1989: Impact of simulated erosion on the abundance and activity of indigenous vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal endophytes in an oxisol. The influence of simulated erosion on the abundance and activity of indigenous vasicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) populations was evaluated in an Oxisol. Surface-soil losses in excess of 7.5 cm were generally associated with significant decrea...

Kamalvanshi, M.; Kumar, A.; Jha, A.; Dhyani, S.Kumar., 2013: Occurrence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Rhizosphere of Jatropha curcas L. in Arid and Semi Arid Regions of India. A study was conducted to identify common arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi present in rhizosphere of <i>Jatropha curcas</i> L., an important bio-diesel crop, from different arid and semi arid regions of India viz., Jodhpur (Rajasthan),...

Fares, C.N., 1997: Effect of indigenous and introduced vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on wheat plants. In a pot experiment the effect of indigenous and introduced vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi were studied on the growth and yield of wheat cv. G 157 plants in 2 soils differing in available P under sterilized or unsterilized conditions...

Valdenegro, M.B.rea, J.; Azcon, R., 2001: Influence of arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi, Rhizobium meliloti strains and PGPR inoculation on the growth of Medicago arborea used as model legume for re-vegetation and biological reactivation in a semi-arid mediterranean area. Medicago arborea can be used for re-vegetation purposes under semiarid conditions. These woody legumes have the ability to form an association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and rhizobial bacteria, which can be maximised by microorganisms...

Higo, M.; Isobe, K.; Miyazawa, Y.; Matsuda, Y.; Drijber, R.A.; Torigoe, Y., 2016: Molecular diversity and distribution of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal communities colonizing roots of two different winter cover crops in response to their root proliferation. A clear understanding of how crop root proliferation affects the distribution of the spore abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and the composition of AMF communities in agricultural fields is imperative to identify the potential roles...

Bencherif, K.; Boutekrabt, A.; Fontaine, Jël.; Laruelle, Féderic.; Dalpè, Y.; Sahraoui, A.Lounès-Hadj., 2016: Impact of soil salinity on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi biodiversity and microflora biomass associated with Tamarix articulata Vahll rhizosphere in arid and semi-arid Algerian areas. Soil salinization is an increasingly important problem in many parts of the world, particularly under arid and semi-arid areas. Unfortunately, the knowledge about restoration of salt affected ecosystems using mycorrhizae is limited. The current st...