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Efficiency of biological/mechanical measures to protect Norway spruce against peeling by deer



Efficiency of biological/mechanical measures to protect Norway spruce against peeling by deer



Allgemeine Forstzeitschrift 46(7): 367-371



Three methods of protecting stems of Norway spruce against peeling by red deer were compared in several stands in W. Germany: (1) puncturing the bark with the Geil roller; (2) treatment with the Gerstner bark-plane; and (3) treatment with the Black Forest bark-scraper. The study involved 15 stands with 1640 trees, of which 840 were protected against peeling.

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Accession: 002367911

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