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Estimation of glomerular filtration rate and evaluation of renal function in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)






American Journal of Veterinary Research 55(1): 166-172

Estimation of glomerular filtration rate and evaluation of renal function in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)

Three methods of determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were performed in adult ferrets, 9 months to 7 years old. Endogenous creatinine clearance was determined, using serum and urine creatinine values obtained during 24- and 48-hour collection periods from 27 ferrets housed in metabolic cages. Creatinine and radiolabeled inulin were administered to 12 female ferrets by constant IV infusion during isoflurane-induced anesthesia. Serial 20-minute urine collections, together with serum samples obtained at the midpoint of urine collection, provided measures for clearance calculations of these substances. Mean +/- SD endogenous creatinine clearance in ferrets for metabolic cage collections was 2.50 +/- 0.93 ml/min/ kg of body weight. There were no significant differences between the 24- and 48-hour clearance rates. Mean inulin clearance was 3.02 +/- 1.78, and mean exogenous creatinine clearance was 3.32 +/- 2.16 ml/ min/kg. Analysis of variance, using least-squared means adjustment, did not yield any significant differences between inulin and exogenous creatinine clearance rates. Exogenous creatinine clearance-to-inulin clearance ratio was 0.99 +/- 0.46, and there was significant correlation between the 2 methods (r = 0.82, P = 0.0001). Significant body temperature effects on inulin or exogenous creatinine clearance were not found. Infused inulin clearance, the generally preferred method for GFR calculation in mammalian species, was significantly (P = 0.0069) higher in younger (3.65 ml/min/kg) vs older ferrets (2.29 ml/min/kg). Results of this study indicate that inulin clearance is an adequate measure of GFR in ferrets as it is in other species. Compared with inulin clearance, exogenous creatinine clearance also provides a reliable estimate of GFR in ferrets.


Accession: 002373245

PMID: 8141491



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