+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Estimation of the niacin requirements for tilapia fed diets containing glucose or dextrin

Journal of Nutrition 122(10): 2030-2036
Estimation of the niacin requirements for tilapia fed diets containing glucose or dextrin
Two 12-wk experiments were conducted to determine the adequate dietary niacin levels for juvenile hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus, when diets containing either 38% D(+)-glucose or 38% dextrin (type III, from corn) as the carbohydrate source were fed. In Experiment 1, we used 0, 40, 80, 120, 160 and 200 mg/kg of supplemental niacin in both the glucose- and dextrin-containing diets. In Experiment 2, 0, 10, 25, 40 and 55 mg/kg or 0, 10, 25, 40, 80, 120 and 160 mg/kg of supplemental niacin was incorporated in diets containing glucose or dextrin, respectively. In both experiments, fish fed niacin-deficient diets grew poorly. They developed skin, fin and mouth lesions and hemorrhages; the snout was deformed and there was gill edema. These pathologies began 6 wk after the experiments started. Plasma glucose concentrations were higher in fish fed glucose diets than those fed dextrin diets. Weight gain analyzed by broken-line regression indicated that the adequate dietary niacin level for maximal growth in rapidly growing tilapia fingerlings is 26 mg/kg in fish fed the glucose diet and 121 mg/kg in fish fed the dextrin diet.

Accession: 002373468

PMID: 1527643

DOI: 10.1093/jn/122.10.2030

Related references

Estimation of the niacin requirements of tilapia fed diets containing glucose or dextrin. Journal of Nutrition 122(10): 2030-2036, 1992

Study on niacin and pyridoxine requirements of Nile tilapia fish. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal 47(93): 97-109, 2002

Tryptophan-niacin relationships in man Studies with diets deficient in ribofavin and niacin, together with observations on the excretion of nitrogen and niacin metabolites. 1956

Fatty livers produced in albino rats by excess niacin in high fat diets. 1. Alterations in enzyme and coenzyme systems induced by supplementing 40% fat diets with 0.1% of niacin. J. Nutrition. 82: 83-87, 1964

Niacin and tryptophan requirements of mule ducklings fed corn and soy-based diets. Poultry Science 63(1): 153-158, 1984

Interactions in aqueous solutions containing cyclo dextrin glucose and borate exclusion of the formation of stable d glucose cyclo dextrin complexes on the basis of potentiometric and kinetic measurements. Acta Chimica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 106(1): 9-16, 1981

Thiamin riboflavin pyridoxine and niacin requirements of growing japanese quail fed purified diets. Pertanika 5(1): 66-71, 1982

Fatty Livers Produced In Albino Rats By Excess Niacin In High Fat Diets. I. Alterations In Enzyme And Coenzyme Systems Induced By Supplementing 40 Percent Fat Diets With O.1 Percent Of Niacin. Journal of Nutrition 82: 83-87, 1964

2. Rapid methods for the estimation of glucose, fructose, maltose, sucrose, dextrin and attenuation limit in wort. J. Inst. Brewing. 50: 6-12, 1944

Modulation of maltose preference by selection from dextrin, maltose and glucose diets in zinc-deficient rats. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 54(3): 203-209, 2008