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Estonian mires and their utilization


, : Estonian mires and their utilization. Suo (Helsinki) 43(1): 25-33

In this paper, the mire classification system and its development in Estonia are reviewed. In addition the utilization of mires for peat harvesting, forestry, agriculture and conservation are outlined. There are two main groups of mires in Estonia - an eastern and a western type. Mire vegetation has been classified according to site conditions, community composition and structure. During the primary succession of mire communities, a number of fen communities converge to a smaller number of bog communities. The post-drainage succession is also convergent. Estonian mires are intensively utilized for peat harvesting. There is a clear need for a comprehensive mire protection and utilization plan.

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Related references

Allikvee Hilja; Loopmann August, 1996: Landscape studies of Estonian mires. Proceedings of the International Peat Congress 10, Vol

Vilbaste, A., 1980: The spider fauna of Estonian mires. The structure of the spider fauna in Estonian mires was studied. Material was collected from 28 fens and 42 bogs. Altogether 1227 quantitative sweep-net and sieve samples were collected from Estonian mires, which, together with occasional specimen...

Vilbaste A., 1981: Spider fauna of estonian mires ussr. Over 35,000 spider specimens were collected from Estonian mires. They belong to 301 spp. Spiders constitute an essential component in the field layer of fens (up to 25%), transitional bog forests (up to 17%) and in the dwarf shrub layer of bogs (u...

Ilomets, M.; Kallas, R., 1995: Estonian mires - past, present and future alternatives. About 60-70% of the mire areas in Estonia have been drained or significantly affected by reclamation. Some 10% of minerotrophic fen sites and about 65% of ombrotrophic bog sites are still in a virgin state. 94 mires, covering 172,600 ha, have been...

Vilbaste A., 1980: Spider fauna of mires located in the estonian ssr ussr. The structure of the spider fauna in Estonian mires was studied. Material was collected from 28 fens and 42 bogs. Altogether 1227 quantitative sweep-net and sieve samples were collected from Estonian mires, which, together with occasional specimen...

Ilomets M., 1998: Carbon accumulation and long-term dynamics in Estonian mires. Pages 222-224 1998

Punning J.M.; Koff Tiiu, 1998: Application of super 14 C data for the estimation of Sphagnum peat increment in Estonian ombrotrophic mires. We calculated apparent increment values based on the radiocarbon dates of 21 Estonian ombrotrophic mires (raised bogs). For short periods, the values vary significantly, but the integrated increment for the total complex of ombrotrophic peat shows...

Miyazawa, Toyohiro, 1992: The utilization and conservation of mires in Japan. Japan has approximately 200,000 ha of mires (0.5% of the total land area), and peat reserves of ca. 625 million tons. Because of the great diversity in both climatic and topographic conditions various types of mire and wetlands are found. These ra...

Tuxen, J., 1988: Is there a future for our mires? The regeneration of mires and the Lower Saxony programme for mire conservation. The need for natural resource mapping of mire reserves and the expansion of the Mire Conservation Programme in Lower Saxony, German Federal Republic, are discussed.

Okland R.H., 1989: Hydromorphology and phytogeography of mires in inner ostfold and adjacent part of akershus se norway in relation to regional variation in se fennoscandian mires. The distribution patterns of hydromorphological mire component types and plant species are studied in detail in an area of ca. 10002 km in SE Norway. Distribution of hydromorphological mire components types in SE Fennoscandia is mapped by use of l...