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Ethnopharmacognostical survey of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae)


, : Ethnopharmacognostical survey of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 35(1): 1-24

Literature data on respectively botany, chemistry, ethnopharmacology, pharmacology and toxicology of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Meliaceae) are reviewed and evaluated. In traditional literature, preparations of the tree are claimed to be vulnerable in wide spectrum of diseases. Especially for inflammation-related diseases a good correlation is found with the results of recent experimental investigations. In addition, a variety of other biological activities are reported. Most frequently the effects can be attributed to compounds representing the structural classes of the limonoids, phenolics and macromolecules. Reported toxicity of preparations and isolated compounds are low, except for the seed oil. In conclusion, A. indica can be regarded as a valuable plant source for the rationalisation of its use in traditional medicine and for modern drug development.

Accession: 002373706

PMID: 1753794

DOI: 10.1016/0378-8741(91)90131-V

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Related references

van der Nat, J.M.; van der Sluis, W.G.; de Silva, K.T.; Labadie, R.P., 1991: Ethnopharmacognostical survey of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae). Literature data on respectively botany, chemistry, ethnopharmacology, pharmacology and toxicology of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Meliaceae) are reviewed and evaluated. In traditional literature, preparations of the tree are claimed to be vulnerab...

Ocete, R. del Tio, R., 1998: Evaluation of the anti alimentary capacity of a commercial Nim extract Azadirachta indica Juss, Meliaceae on Ocnogyna baetica Ramb Lepidoptera, Arctiidae Valoracion de la capacidad antialimentaria de un extracto comercial de Nim Azadirachta indica Juss, Meliaceae sobre Ocnogyna baetica Ramb Lepidoptera, Arctiidae. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal Plagas. 1er Trimestre; 241: 5-9

Anonymous, 2007: Effect of aqueous and oily extracts of Neem Azadirachia indica A. Juss (Meliaceae) on patulin production in apples contaminated with Penicillium expansum FT Efeito dos extratos aquoso e oleoso de Nim Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae) na producao de patulina em macas contaminadas por Penicillium expansum

Siddiqui, S.; Siddiqui, B.S.; Mahmood, T.; Faizi, S., 1989: Tetranortriterpenoids from azadirachta indica a. juss meliaceae. Nimbocinolide, a new tetranortriterpenoid has been isolated from the acidic fraction of fresh, undried leaves of A. indica (neem) and its structure was established as 21,23-epoxy-1,14,20-apoeupha(apotirucalla)-trien-3,21-dione-7.alpha.,11.alpha.,1...

Siddiqui, S.; Siddiqui, B.S.; Faizi, S.; Mahmood, T., 1986: Isoazadirolide a new tetranortriterpenoid from azadirachta indica a. juss meliaceae. A new ring-C seco tetranortriterpenoid .gamma.-hydroxybutenolide named as isoazadirolide, has been isolated from the acidic fraction of the fresh, undried, winter leaves of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem), along with a coumarin identified as sco...

Kismali, S.; Madanlar, N., 1988: The effects of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae) on insects. Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 124: 239-249

Inamdar, J.A.; Subramanian, R.B.; Mohan, J.S.S., 1986: Studies on the resin glands of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Meliaceae). Shoot apices and young leaves were examined and gland structure and development described. Analysis of exudates showed that resin was present but no sugars, soluble or insoluble.

Srinivas Nanduri; Banstola, K.P., 1995: Neeflone, a new tetranortriterpenoid from the flowers of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae). Neeflone, isolated from air-dried flowers, was identified as 15-acetoxy-7-deacetoxydihydroazadirone from spectral and 2D-NMR studies.

Anonymous, 1956: Studies in the Meliaceae I Development of the embryo in Azadirachta indica A Juss

Ksmal, S.; Madanlar, N., 1988: An examination of the effects of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae) on insects. Recent work from various countries on the use of extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) as botanical insecticides is reviewed, and tables are given showing the formulation and results applicable to each of over 50 species of insect pests of agricul...