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Etiology of sugar maple decline in four Pennsylvania stands


Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23(11): 2395-2402
Etiology of sugar maple decline in four Pennsylvania stands
Tree-ring analysis was used to study historical patterns of basal area increment (BAI) by healthy (0-5% dieback) and declined (greater than 30% dieback) overstory sugar maples (Acer saccharum Marsh.) in four stands in Pennsylvania. The objectives were to establish if and when BAI decreased in healthy and declined trees and to identify causal factors associated with decreased BAI. Reduction in BAI of declined compared with healthy trees was first evident following a series of defoliations and summer droughts in the mid-1960s and early 1970s. These stresses were followed by repeated damage by pear thrips (Taeniothrips inconsequens Uzel) in the 1980s and a drought in 1988, during which large reductions in BAI occurred for both declined and healthy trees in all stands. Foliar nutrient analysis of two stands suggested deficiency of Mg and Ca. Other factors hypothesized to be associated with this sugar maple decline as either predisposing or inciting factors include unusually warm winter temperatures in the 1980s and air pollution.

Accession: 002373826

DOI: 10.1139/x93-296

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