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Genetic determinants of host ranges of Bacillus sphaericus mosquito larvicidal toxins



Genetic determinants of host ranges of Bacillus sphaericus mosquito larvicidal toxins



Journal of Bacteriology 175(2): 510-518



The 51.4-kDa-41.9-kDa binary toxin produced by different strains of Bacillus sphaericus shows differential activity toward Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes atropalpus, and Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. The patterns of larvicidal activity toward all three mosquito species and growth retardation in A. aegypti have been shown to be due to the 41.9-kDa protein. By using mutant toxins expressed in Escherichia coli, insecticidal activity and growth retardation correlated with amino acids centered around position 100 of the 41.9-kDa protein. In its response to these toxins, A. atropalpus resembled C. quinquefasciatus rather than its congener, A. aegypti.

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Accession: 002390611

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PMID: 8419297



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