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Genetic incompatibility and offspring quality in the tristylous plant Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae)



Genetic incompatibility and offspring quality in the tristylous plant Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae)



American Journal of Botany 81(1): 76-84



The purpose of this study was to determine the incompatibility relationships among the three different morphs of the tristylous plant Lythrum salicaria, and to assess whether there are fitness consequences to breakdown in incompatibility. Twenty-four different types of pollinations were performed using all possible combinations of anthers and stigmas. These can be grouped as legitimate pollinations (pollinations from the appropriate anther level of a compatible morph), illegitimate intermorph pollinations (pollinations from the inappropriate anther level of a compatible morph), intramorph pollinations (pollinations between individuals of the same morph), and self pollinations. Legitimate pollinations produced significantly more seed than illegitimate intermorph pollinations, intramorph pollinations, and self pollinations. The difference between legitimate and illegitimate intermorph pollination success is particularly interesting because pollen for these crosses came from the same genetic individual. Pollination types also differed in offspring quality. In the rare examples where progeny were produced by illegitimate intermorph pollinations, the progeny did not have significantly lower values for seedling growth traits compared to legitimate progeny. Seedlings produced by self pollinations had significantly lower values for four out of six seedling growth traits measured. Comparisons of legitimate and self progeny traits indicate that inbreeding depression for most traits is close to or above 0.5. The finding that some seed were produced from illegitimate pollinations suggests that there is variation among individuals in incompatibility. There was a significant effect of parental morph type on the probability of breakdown in incompatibility with the midstyled maternal parents setting more seed from illegitimate pollinations. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. .

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Accession: 002390968

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DOI: 10.2307/2445565


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