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Intracellular bacteria of porcine proliferative enteropathy: cultivation and maintenance in vitro

, : Intracellular bacteria of porcine proliferative enteropathy: cultivation and maintenance in vitro. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 31(5): 1136-1142

An obligate intracellular bacterium was isolated from the intestines of all 10 cases of porcine proliferative enteropathy from four different pig farms. The organism grew in a rat enterocyte cell line (IEC-18) and was maintained over 20 passages. The growth of the bacteria was assessed by immunostaining of cells exposed to infection. Infection was not associated with morphological cell change, and growth was confined to cells infected at the time of each transfer of infection and the progeny of these cells. The bacterium is a microacrophilic, cell dependent, curved or rod-shaped, gram-negative bacillus that multiplies freely in the enterocyte cytoplasm. Cell cultures containing the intracellular bacteria appear to be free of other microorganisms, including chlamydiae and viruses.

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Accession: 002416089

PMID: 8501214

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