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Liquid methionine hydroxy analog (free acid) and DL-methionine attenuate calcium-induced kidney damage in domestic fowl



Liquid methionine hydroxy analog (free acid) and DL-methionine attenuate calcium-induced kidney damage in domestic fowl



Poultry Science 72(7): 1245-1258



To evaluate the possibility that kidney damage may be induced by the commercial practice of feeding high-Ca (HCa) prelayer rations, and to evaluate the protective efficacy of supplementing HCa diets with liquid methionine hydroxy analog free acid or DL-methionine, 12-wk-old female Single Comb White Leghorn pullets were fed one of the following corn-soybean meal-based diets until they reached 22 wk of age: normal-Ca (NC, 1% Ca); HCa (HC, 3.5% Ca); HCa supplemented with .34 or .68% liquid methionine hydroxy analog free acid (HC3A or HC6A); or HCa supplemented with .3 or .6% DL-methionine (HC3DL or HC6DL). The unsupplemented HC diet caused a significant reduction in kidney mass and a significant increase in the incidence of gross kidney damage and urolithiasis in pullets necropsied at 22 wk of age. Calcium-induced kidney damage was attenuated in a dose-response fashion by supplementing the HC diet with liquid methionine hydroxy analog and DL-methionine. None of the diets caused a significant metabolic acidosis. Plasma uric acid concentrations were not predictive of the extent of Ca-induced kidney damage. Analyses of glomerular size distributions indicated that subclinical or "hidden" kidney damage may not progressively develop into urolithiasis as hens mature. When compared with hens reared on the NC diet, rearing hens on the HC, HC3A, HC3DL, HC6A, or HC6DL diets did not consistently affect hen-day egg production, egg mass, eggshell mass, percentage eggshell, or bone mineralization.

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Accession: 002424397

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8346150

DOI: 10.3382/ps.0721245


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