EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,214,146
Abstracts:
29,074,682
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Nutrient intake of Dunedin women during pregnancy



Nutrient intake of Dunedin women during pregnancy



New Zealand Medical Journal 106(959): 273-276



Aim: To assess the adequacy of dietary intake of women during the three trimesters of pregnancy. Method: Dietary intakes of 63 primiparous and 32 multiparous healthy pregnant Dunedin women were obtained by 3 day weighed records at about 12 weeks, 24 weeks, and 36 weeks of gestation. Energy and nutrient intakes were derived using the University of Otago food composition database. Results: Mean energy and nutrient intakes differed remarkably little between primiparous and multiparous women; data were combined for analysis. Energy intakes at first and second trimesters were similar to that for non pregnant women in the National Heart Foundation 1977 survey but greater than in the LINZ 1989 survey. Energy and carbohydrate intakes had increased at third trimester; across the trimesters carbohydrate accounted for 44-46% energy intake, fat for 39% and protein for 15%. Protein intakes at the 10th centile were almost the same as the recommended low risk intake of 51 g/d set by WHO/FAO. No vitamin or mineral showed a trend in intake through the trimesters. Vitamin and mineral intakes were in general greater for the pregnant women than for nonpregnant women in both 1977 and 1989 studies. By comparison with recommended intakes for NZ, Australia, USA and UK, intakes for folate, vitamin B-6, iron and possibly zinc and thiamin were potentially inadequate. Over 10% were heavy smokers and 20% were light smokers; nutrient intakes were less for the smokers than for the nonsmokers, as were birth weights; energy intakes for smokers had not increased at the third trimester. Conclusion: An improvement in quality of diet is needed during pregnancy and in prenatal period; smoking should continue to be strongly discouraged.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service: $29.90)

Accession: 002445088

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8391670



Related references

Nutrient supplementation effect on total nutrient intake of women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Federation Proceedings 45(3): 476, 1986

Dietary intake in third trimester of pregnancy by peri urban women i nutrient intake and nutritional adequacy. FASEB Journal 4(4): A1060, 1990

Dietary restraint, dieting patterns and nutrient intake amongst university students in Dunedin. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of New Zealand 18: 108, 1993

Nutrient intake in women with pagophagia and other forms of pica during the pregnancy. Nutricion Hospitalaria 22(6): 641-647, 2007

The effect of dieting during pregnancy on prenatal nutrient intake in women. FASEB Journal 13(4 PART 1): A252, March 12, 1999

Dietary behaviour, food and nutrient intake of women do not change during pregnancy in Southern Ethiopia. Maternal & Child Nutrition (): -, 2016

Lifestyle, nutrient intake, iron status, and pregnancy outcome in pregnant women of advanced maternal age. Nutrition Research and Practice 5(1): 52-59, 2011

Bone mineral density in pregnant women from Moscow: possible effects of pregnancy dynamics and nutrient intake. Voprosy Pitaniia 83(6): 58-65, 2015

Comparison of nutrient intake, life style variables, and pregnancy outcomes by the depression degree of pregnant women. Nutrition Research and Practice 4(4): 323-331, 2010

Dietary intake of Sudanese women: a comparative assessment of nutrient intake of displaced and non-displaced women. Nutrition and Health 21(2): 131-144, 2013

Frequency of food intake and estimated nutrient intake among men and women: the JACC Study. Journal of Epidemiology 15 Suppl 1(): S24-S42, 2005

Relationship between red pepper intake, capsaicin threshold, nutrient intake, and anthropometric measurements in young Korean women. Korean Journal of Nutrition 38(1): 76-81, 2005

Listeria monocytogenes and diet during pregnancy; balancing nutrient intake adequacy v. adverse pregnancy outcomes. Public Health Nutrition 15(12): 2202-2209, 2013

Nutrition Studies In Pregnancy. 2. Nutrient Intake And The Outcome Of Pregnancy. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 4: 149-155, 1964

Sources of variation in nutrient intake and the number of days to assess usual intake among men and women in the Seoul metropolitan area, Korea. British Journal of Nutrition 110(11): 2098-2107, 2014