Off-farm employment opportunities for farmers: a labor market area analysis

Whitener, L.A.; Parker, T.S.

Inequalities in labor market areas: 107-123


Accession: 002447456

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This chapter examines the relative competitiveness of US farmers in off-farm employment in non-agricultural industries. The findings show that the prospects for farmers to find off-farm employment are not promising: the human capital of farmers as well as their age make them less attractive as potential employees, and the opportunities for non-agricultural employment in rural labour market areas (LMAs) are very limited. The findings show some regional variation: the negative effect of human capital is stronger in the northeast and the west, while the adverse LMA employment conditions are more prominent in the Plains and the Cornbelt regions. Farmers in the south face employment disadvantages from both human capital and LMA effects.